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FAMILY MOLOSSIDAE

     Since the tail of these bats often projects beyond the tail membrane, these bats are often called “free tail bats”.  The bats of this family possess a robust fibula and the third digit of the third finger is cartilage.  The nostrils often possess complex folds and the large, complex ear can unite across the face.  In Cheiromeles, the first toe is opposable.  In the group the number of teeth varies from 26 to 32.  Some species congregate in groups numbering in the thousands or even in the millions (Nowack, 1994; Anderson, 1967).

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