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DOWNY WOODPECKER

Downy woodpeckers are the smallest woodpeckers in North America, measuring about 15-17 cm. (This is slightly larger than pygmy woodpeckers which measure 13-15 cm.) Beetles and ants are the main insects which they feed on. It rarely resorts to excavating to extract insects below the bark and can even feed in flowers (Winkler 1995; Short, 1982). Male and female downy woodpeckers vary in their tongue length and feed in different ways (with males performing more pecking while females perform more gleaning) (Sibley, 2001). In winter, more plant material is included in their diet and in springtime, they can feed on sap from sapsucker holes. Downy woodpeckers can interbreed with P. nuttalli (Winkler 1995; Short, 1982).

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DOWNY WOODPECKER HAIRY WOODPECKER
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