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CROWS, JAYS

Family Corvidae

     Crows and jays include a diversity of food items in their diets; crows can even scavenge for food.  Most species do not migrate long distances, if at all.  Males usually help to make the nest. The American crow is a very smart bird.  Crows and ravens are considered as being one of the smartest birds with the ability to perform as well as monkeys in some tasks (Sibley, 2001). Among birds, crows and parrots are those which seem to be capable of the most complex cognitive processes. While many birds can use tools, crows will actually make the leaf tools they use to probe for insects (Emery, 2004).Often one bird will serve as a sentinel while others feed.  Crows have a diversity of vocalizations which they use to communicate among themselves.  They have adapted well to humans and can eat a diversity of food items.  Crows often gather in large numbers when a predator (such as an owl) enters their territory and harass it until it leaves.  They often congregate in large flocks, especially when migrating.

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Fish crows eat fish, carrion, and a number of other food items.