|The minnows, shiners, and carp of
the family Cyprinidae compose one of the largest fish families in the world
with almost 2 thousand species, including 47 in the Northeast. Most species
in our area are small, measuring only a few inches as adults. They lack
teeth, feed on both insects and algae, and may possess sensory barbells
from their mouths.
Redside dace reach an adult size of 2 ½ inches and spawn in May. Their large mouths allow them to take insects from the surface, even in flight.
Blacknose dace can reach 3 inches. Females can lay 750 eggs.
Northern redbelly dace can reach 2 ½ inches. Males possess a red band during breeding.
| Cutlips minnow young leave the
nest after 6 days.
Creek chub typically measure 4 to 6 inches but can reach 10. They possess a sensory barbell from their mouths.
Fallfish are the largest member of the minnow family native to our area.
They often measure a foot but can reach 18 inches and 2 pounds.